History of dragons

Chinese Dragon Meaning



Have you ever been enamored by the Chinese Dragon ? Do you know what the Chinese Dragon represents ? Are you curious as to why the Chinese Dragon is so revered by the Chinese people ? As a dragon enthusiast, I'll unravel the mystery and tell you all about the Chinese Dragon in this Ultimate blog article.


The Chinese dragon is a holy animal that represents both strong and benign meanings. Chinese dragons have long been a part of the Chinese people's national beliefs and traditions. Let's take a look at how they developed this mystical bond and why the Chinese dragon is such a significant cultural icon in China.

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The Traditional Chinese Dragon, whose real name is "Long" (or lung, 龙 , lóng), signifies and represents unification, Chinese civilization's core virtue. The Chinese people are stronger and more powerful when they are together, which is why the emperor, as the representative of the Chinese people and nation, was named the "True Long" (真龙天子), Heaven's son and a direct descendant of Chinese dragons.


Dragons are the greatest representations of cosmic Chi in ancient China (energy). In the pantheon of Chinese symbols, it is regarded to be the most potent emblem of good fortune. The Chinese dragon, as one of the four beasts representing the four points of the compass, is associated with new beginnings.The Chinese dragon also has the power to release water on parched lands, representing abundance and well-being.


Continued success, great achievements and prosperity are also in the arsenal of positive qualities and meanings of the Chinese Dragon, which ranks it among the most popular Asian creatures. Ultimately, the appearance of a Chinese dragon is a very positive sign. They may be seen at various events such as the Dragon Boat Festival, Chinese New Year (dragon dance), weddings, and so forth.. The Chinese dragon brings blessing to those who worship it according to the Chinese people.


In Chinese mythology and culturedragons are mythical creatures. In Chinese art, dragons are usually depicted as serpentine, scaly, four-legged creatures. Unlike European dragons, which are thought to be bad, Chinese dragons have long been associated with strong and fortunate forces. They have the ability to control water, rain, hurricanes and floods. The Chinese dragon is also a symbol of power, strength and luck.


The Chinese Dragon is also a representation of imperial might. Especially the yellow dragons or the golden dragons with five claws, they were the symbol of the emperor in many Chinese dynasties. The Dragon Throne was the name of the imperial throne. In the late Qing Dynasty, the dragon was even adopted as the national flag. The Chinese dragon is depicted on the sculptures on the steps of imperial palaces and tombs, such as the Forbidden City in Beijing.


In Chinese feudal civilization, the Chinese dragon represents emperors' sovereignty, and everything associated to it was solely reserved for emperors. The ancient emperors called their sons "dragon seeds", their robes were "dragon robes", and their chairs were "dragon chairs".According to legends and stories, the Chinese considered that they were the descendants of dragons since ancient times. To understand this, we need to look at the origin of the Chinese dragon and Chinese traditions.


The origin of the Chinese Dragon is not proven, but some scholars believe that it comes from totems of different Chinese tribes. Others believe that it is a stylized representation of existing animals, such as snakes, fish or crocodiles.The Chinese dragon has progressively grown into a mythological monster as a result of these ideas.


The Chinese scholar Wen Yiduo suggested that this fantastic collection of beast parts was actually based on the political union of several different tribes, each with a different animal as a totem. The dragon was thus a symbolic representation of the assimilation of these tribes into one nation. This interesting hypothesis, however, does not explain the appearance of dragons long before such political associations existed in early Chinese communities.


The dragon is one of the first monsters to emerge in Chinese folklore and mythology. It is not known when, by whom, or in what reality the dragon was invented, although some historians suggest a connection to rainbows and a "sky serpent" seen after rain showers or at waterfalls. Carved jade dragons have been unearthed at sites in the Hongshan culture. This discovery can be dated to between 4500 and 3000 BC, long before any written record of the creature appeared. Let's look at the history of these ancient Chinese civilizations.


According to legend, tribes in ancient China fought one other for greater land circa 2500 BC. To obtain an edge in the conflict, the Yellow Emperor Huang Di formed an alliance with another tribe leader named Yan Di. Yan Di is thought to have been born as a result of his mother's psychic conversation with a mighty dragon. According to legend, this great dragon supported him in his missions, and with its assistance, Huang Di and Yang Di overcame their shared foe, the Ji l people headed by Chiyou, at the Battle of Zhuolu. When the Huang Di and Yan Di tribes merged, the dragon was chosen as the symbol for their new flag.


Many Chinese consider themselves to be the offspring of Huang Di and Yan Di, and so of Chinese dragons, since those primordial times. The descendants of Huang Di and Yan Di are known as (炎黄子孙) yán huáng zsn in Chinese. In China, there is also a well-known song about (龙的传人) lóng de chuánrén, the Chinese dragon's progeny.


The Chinese dragon sign, as you can see, dates back to ancient China. In China, as civilization progressed and tribes gave way to kingdoms, the dragon's significance grew. Emperors began to think of themselves as dragons from the Han Dynasty onward. It all began with Liu Bang, who went on to become the Han Dynasty's oldest ruler.

The sky darkened one day when his mother dreamed of seeing a heavenly spirit, and when Liu's father arrived, he discovered a Chinese dragon laying next to his wife. She became pregnant as a result of this miraculous meeting and gave birth to Liu Bang. He was described as having a high nose, whiskers, and a peculiar beard that resembled a Chinese dragon head by some. The first emperor of the Han Dynasty was Liu Bang.


Following emperors did everything they could to keep the divine relationship with Chinese dragons alive. They claimed that as Liu Bang's successors, they were also the offspring of Chinese dragons, with Chinese dragon blood coursing through their veins.

Everything in the emperor's entourage was subsequently carved with Chinese dragons, from clothing to furnishings. Only the emperor, for example, was permitted to wear a dragon insignia on his clothing. The claws of the Chinese dragon represented social ranks, with the higher the position, the more claws. Generals and leaders in China might have up to four claws. Only the emperor was allowed to wear a Chinese dragon with five claws, which represented the emperor's actual hands. If anybody other than the emperor donned the five claws, he would be murdered.


Emperors, as we'll see later, also picked the color of their Chinese dragon to demonstrate their might. The hue they picked for their Chinese dragon became the society's most important color. No one else was permitted to wear that hue, and if they did, they were subjected to punishment.



The Chinese Dragon's physical appearance is frequently separated into numerous segments, since it is depicted as belonging to various animal species. The Chinese Dragon's body resembles that of a snake, with scales that resemble those of a carp. Its claws and legs are similar to those of a tiger, and its claws are similar to those of an eagle.


The Chinese Dragon Head is modeled by the dromedary, which is adorned with a pair of deer horns or, in some cases, antelope horns. He always has lengthy goatees and moustaches. His skull is frequently adorned with two antennas in addition to the horns. The demon's eyes are demon's eyes, and the bull's ears are bull's ears. Like a lion, the neck is frequently adorned with a mane, which is also worn on the elbows. It has an 81-scale crest in Vietnam.


The Asian dragon's legs are equipped with a certain number of claws. This number, which ranges from 3 to 5, represents the dragon's "rank" among its peers. The dragon with five claws is, without a doubt, the most powerful. This insignia could only be used by the Emperor of China and his family.


As a result, any garment, furniture, or structure carrying the five-clawed dragon was credited to the imperial dynasty and revered as such. As a result of their power, the great lords and mandarins were able to employ this insignia in turn. Only four-fingered dragons are often seen in Korea and Indonesia. In Japan, three-fingered dragons are more prevalent.


In Chinese mythology, the dragon is a formidable monster with supernatural abilities. They are linked to the power to manipulate the seasons, weather, and harvests. They represent the following in general :


• Masculinity - Men were seen to be physically strong and powerful in ancient Chinese society, and they had a lot of authority over communal affairs. The dragon represents these traits.

• Nobility - Those born in the year of the dragon, according to Chinese astrology, are more affluent and noble than others. The years 1988, 2000, 2012, and 2024, for example, are called dragon years. Those born in the year of the dragon are said to be stubborn, obstinate, and self-assured.

• Agricultural Life - Dragons are said to govern the weather and seasons in Chinese mythology. Despite the fact that most Chinese dragons lack wings, males have the ability to soar into the sky and deliver rain, while females have control over ground waterways such as rivers, lakes, seas, and wells.

• Fortune and luck - Some people think that dragons represent fortune and luck. As a result, dragons are etched on kitchenware and personal goods in order to bring out the finest in life.

• Kindness - The Chinese dragon is commonly associated with warmth and kindness (remember, the Chinese dragon does not breathe fire like its European counterparts). However, there are a few outliers.

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The color of the dragons is important in China since it indicates their habitat, abilities, and position. Chinese dragons are vibrant animals, with each hue representing a different meaning. Nature, health, and calm are all symbols of the Chinese Blue and Green Dragons. These dragons are also associated with healing, serenity, and repose by certain people. Other well-known Chinese Dragon Colors include :


•People frequently equate the Chinese Black Dragon with vengeance. As a result, it is frequently associated with natural calamities such as storms and floods.

• In China, like in the West, the White Dragon is regarded as a sign of purity. It is, however, sometimes connected with death and sadness, and some people believe it is a terrible omen.

• The Chinese Red Dragon is a lucky emblem. This is why this emblem is frequently seen at weddings and other traditional Chinese festivals; it promotes happiness and good fortune.

• The Chinese Yellow Dragon is a symbol of prosperity and power in China. Some people think that this dragon has the ability to regulate the weather and seasons. Because it is the most respected dragon, it is frequently used as a symbol of the empire and the monarch. Warmth, knowledge, and riches are some of the other characteristics connected with this dragon. The only dragon with five claws on each leg is the Chinese yellow dragon.



In Chinese folklore, the dragon is the deity of water occurrences. Along with the Phoenix, the Tiger, and the Turtle, it is one of China's four holy creatures. The Chinese Dragon is a symbol of strength and ability, and bright individuals are sometimes referred to as dragons. The dragon is a symbol of emperors and has become a symbol of Chinese culture as a result of its immensely positive connotation. The Chinese dragon was frequently featured on the uniforms of generals as a sign of authority, but only the emperor had the 9 Chinese dragons displayed on his uniform, symbolizing absolute harmonious might.

  • Tian-long (or t'ien-lung 天龍 ) is a Chinese character that signifies "Sky Dragon" or "Heavenly Dragon" In Chinese mythology, it is a divine Chinese dragon who is also regarded as a star in Chinese astrology. Tianlong spends his entire existence in the skies, as his name suggests. He is in charge of the gods' mansions and their valuables. Tianlong is famous for hauling the gods' chariots. Tianlong acts as a horse for the Chinese gods, transporting them to the location of their choice, regardless of the distance. He is a symbol of spiritual ascension.

  • Shen-long (or shen-lung, 神龍, means "spiritual dragon") is a Chinese word that signifies "spiritual dragon." In Chinese mythology, it is a Chinese dragon with azure scales. As he travels through the clouds, he fertilizes the soil by causing rain to fall. The wind and rain he creates, on the other hand, may cause tragedy, which is why the Chinese worshipped him as much as they dreaded him. The Shenlong Dragon is a five-legged Imperial Dragon that appears on the beautiful robes, ceremonial clothing, and emblems of Chinese emperors

  • Di-long (or ti-lung, 地龍), means "Earth Dragon". It's a Chinese Earth Dragon, and it's one of the world's most powerful. Its mission, often known as "Underground Dragon," is to direct the numerous rivers. During the summer, it remains in the sky and spends the fall in the sea. The Dilong Dragon, according to certain tales, is the female counterpart of the Shenlong Dragon. The union of Dilong and Shenlong is analogous to the ancient creation tales of heaven and earth. These Chinese dragons represent the confluence of these two elements, delivering water and healthful air to humanity.
  • Fu-zang long (or fu-ts'ang-lung, 伏藏龍), means "Dragon Guardian of Treasures" The Fucanglong Dragon is a Chinese underworld beast that protects buried valuables and natural or man-made underground passages. Volcanoes are supposed to be formed when magma rises from the earth and returns to the sky. Fucanglong is also said to be the owner of a magical pearl, which is its most valuable treasure. Fucanglong isn't strictly evil, but his reputation as a dragon of the underworld makes him appear harsh and indifferent.

  • Yinglong (or ying-lung 應龍) means "Reactive Dragon" In ancient Chinese mythology, this Chinese Winged Dragon is a rain god. The Yinglong Dragon is the earliest and only form of Chinese dragon having wings, according to legend. Yinglong, who was once known as the Winged Dragon, is claimed to have lost his wings after fighting the demon Kua Fu, the cause of the drought. Even though he couldn't fly, he could still call rain by responding to the prayers of the people who dubbed him the Reactive Dragon.

  • Qiulong (or qíulóng 虬龙) means "Horned Dragon." It is regarded to be one of the most powerful dragons in the world. It is renowned for its physical strength and firepower, something many other dragons are thought to lack. Because of its might, the Qiulong Dragon is in charge of guarding artifacts and holy things against invaders. It prevents islands and countries from collapsing due to the migration of continents. As a result, he's more likely to be located beneath the planet's layers than above it.

  • Panlong (or p'an-lung 蟠龙) meaning "Coiled Dragon." In Chinese folklore, the Panlong Dragon is an aquatic beast that resembles a jiaolong "River Dragon; Crocodile." It is both a personal name and a symbol for an old Chinese theme. The eastern lakes are home to these Chinese dragons.

  • Huanglong (or Huánglóng 黃龍) means Yellow Dragon. Through the mythical monarch Fuxi, the heavenly creature came from the Luo River to teach humanity the principles of writing (Fu Hsi). He filled a hole in the sky left by the monster Gong Gong that day. Day and night, seasons and time were governed by his waking, sleeping, and breathing. Huanglong Dragon is well-known for his encyclopedic knowledge. He stands in the center of the four monsters, ruling over the Si Xiang, heavenly creatures of the Chinese constellation (White Tiger, Black Tortoise, Azure Dragon, and Vermilion Bird). Huanglong is the Chinese five-element embodiment of the Earth element (Wu Xing).


It is supposed that the fabled Yellow Emperor ascended to heaven after transforming into a dragon that resembled his symbol. The Chinese refer to themselves as "the progeny of the dragon" since they regard him to be their ancestor. The Chinese dragon became a symbol of imperial strength as a result of this mythology. The yellow dragon is the fifth emblem in East Asian culture, completing the Sixiang (four symbols). The Chinese quintessence, as well as the changing of seasons, are represented by this god, which is at the heart of the cosmos.

  • Longwang (or Lóngwáng 龙王) means "Dragon King." The four oceans of the east, south, west, and north are ruled by the Chinese Dragon-Kings. They are the dragon masters, regarded as the most physically powerful and possessing unrivaled firepower. Each of the four Dragon Kings is connected with a color and a body of water that corresponds to one of China's natural boundaries' four cardinal directions.


With a body length of 350 meters and a massive weight of 1,500,000 tons, the four dragon kings are also the biggest of the dragons. The majority of dragon monarchs are so massive that they can hold a small mountain in their claws. The four Chinese Dragon Kings' colors are as follows :

1. The Azure Dragon, also known as the blue-green dragon, is the eastern dragon king and the embodiment of spring. His full name is Ao Guang, and he is the East China Sea's protector.

2. The Red Dragon is the ruler of the southern dragons and the embodiment of summer. His formal name is Ao Qin, and he is the defender of the South China Sea.

3. The White Dragon is the west's dragon king and the embodiment of autumn. He is the Qinghai Lake's defender.

4. The Black Dragon, also known as the "black dragon" or "tenebrous dragon," is the northern dragon king and the embodiment of winter. Lake Baikal is his water body, and his actual names are Ao Shun or Ao Ming.


The Nine Sons of the Dragon (龍生九子) are mythological beings from China. Throughout Asia, they can be found as guardian entities on most imperial or religious structures (China, Japan, Vietnam, Korea). They're also frequently shown as a group of nine dragons, each clutching a pearl in its claws. The 9 Sons of the Dragon differ from one another in look and personality.


The saying "the dragon has nine sons" (龍生九子)) dates back to the Ming Dynasty (明朝), when Ming emperor XiaoZong (明孝宗) inquired about their names from Li DongYang (李東陽), a scholar stationed at the court. Li DongYang had no idea, but he came up with a list of wonderful animals with fortunate traits discovered in ancient literature and ornamental arts to appease the emperor. Despite their dragon names, "the nine sons are not dragons, but each has his unique gift," according to the collection "HuaiLu TangJi" (懷麓堂集) :

  1. Qiuniu (囚牛) - Qiuniu is the oldest of the Chinese dragon's nine sons. He's the loveliest, most talented person I've ever met, and he adores music. Qiuniu is said to have a dragon head and a snake body, as well as superb ears that can identify most noises. Traditionally, Chinese people like to engrave the figure of Qiuniu on the head of Chinese violins, as well as on many musical instruments of ethnic minorities. 

  1. Yazi (睚眥) - Yazi is the second oldest of the Chinese dragon's nine offspring, and he has a dragon's head but a jackal's body. He is a deity of war in ancient China, and he is aggressive and warlike. As a result, the ancients frequently etched the figure of the dragon Yazi on their weapons, believing that Yazi could extinguish all bad spirits.

  2. Chaofeng (嘲風) - Chaofeng is the third of the Chinese dragon's nine sons. Chaofeng, despite his appearance, enjoys adventure, danger, and viewing from a high vantage point. According to legend, Chaofeng has the ability to generate earthquakes, tsunamis, and a variety of other natural calamities, but is also a sign of good fortune. Chaofeng can be seen on the ledges of Chinese palaces, displaying his magnificence and thanking passers-by..

  3. Pulao (蒲牢) - Pulao is the fourth of the Chinese dragon's nine offspring, and his physique is highly flexible. Pulao enjoys roaring and has a very loud voice. Almost all huge bells in China are adorned with the image of Pulao, indicating that the bell's voice is powerful and reverberates across vast distances.

  1. Suanni (狻猊) - Suanni is the fifth of the Chinese dragon's nine sons. He has the appearance of a lion, and he appears to be powerful and tough. He, on the other hand, would rather sit quietly and watch the fireworks. As a result, the image of Suanni is frequently depicted on temple censers.

  2. Bixi (贔屭) - Bixi is the sixth of the Chinese dragon's nine sons. He has the appearance of a massive turtle and possesses great strength and the ability to lift large items. Bixi figurines are commonly seen beneath tombstones.

  3. Bi'an (狴犴) - Bi'an is the seventh of the Chinese dragon's nine sons, and he resembles a tiger. He's a brilliant debater with a strong sense of fairness. People use Bi'an to adorn prison doors to portray a sense of justice and deterrent.

  4. Fuxi (伏羲) - Fuxi is the eighth of the Chinese dragon's nine sons, with a lion's head and a dragon's body. He is a kind being who enjoys books and calligraphy. On the sides of steles and surrounding tombstones, the image of Fuxi is invariably engraved.

  5. Chiwen (螭吻) - Chiwen is the youngest of the Chinese dragon's nine sons, with a dragon's head and a fish's body. According to legend, he was the god of rain and hence could extinguish fire. A pair of Chiwen ornaments may commonly be spotted on the finials of most Chinese palaces, in the hopes of avoiding fire.


Yang Shen (楊慎), a poet from the Ming Dynasty, offers a somewhat different list in the "Sheng'An WaJi" (升庵外集), an unauthorized collection ofSheng'An :

  • Bi Xi (贔屭)

  • Chi Wen (螭吻) or "ChiWei" (鴟尾/Owl's tail)

  • Pu Lao (蒲牢)

  • Bi An (狴犴)

  • Tao Tie (饕餮)

  • Ba Xia (𧈢𧏡) or (蚣蝮)

  • Ya Zi (睚眦)

  • Suan Ni (狻猊)

  • Jiao Tu (椒图)


In China, the number "nine" is significant since it is the biggest of the numbers, and Chinese dragons are commonly connected with it. A Chinese dragon, for example, is frequently defined by nine qualities, which is why there are nine versions. The Nine Dragon Wall ((九龍壁) is a Chinese imperial palace and garden wall that features nine distinct dragons. Because "nine" is the emperor's number, only the top officials were permitted to wear that many on their robes, while lower-rank officials were only permitted to wear eight or five.


The Dragon is the most powerful sign in the Chinese Zodiac, occupying the fifth place. Dominance, ambition, authority, dignity, and ability are all attributes associated with the dragon. Dragons prefer to follow their own set of laws and are typically successful when left to their own devices. They are self-driven, fearless of obstacles, and eager to take chances. They are enthusiastic about whatever they do and go above and beyond. Unfortunately, Dragons may get fatigued and, more interestingly, unsatisfied as a result of their fire and zeal.


Although dragons frequently assist others, they rarely seek for assistance. Others are drawn to Dragons because of their vivid personalities, but Dragons are loners at heart. This might be due to the fact that individuals are most productive while working alone. Their need for privacy might be seen as arrogance or vanity. The temperament of dragons may swiftly surge and flare up.


1916, 1928, 1940, 1952, 1964, 1976, 1988, 2000, 2012, 2024, 2036... are the Chinese Dragon YearsEvery 12 years, it takes place. The Year of the Dragon is the fifth in the Chinese zodiac's 12-year cycle. You are a Dragon if you were born in one of these years.


According to legend, the Jade Emperor organized a tournament in which the Chinese zodiac signs' order was determined by the order in which the animals arrived at his palace. The Dragon was ranked fifth. Every 60 years, the years of sharing the same animal sign and the same element are repeated. Metal (gold), wood, water, fire, and earth are the five elements of the Chinese zodiac. People's qualities are supposed to be determined by the signs and aspects of their birth animals.


The dragon is a well-known emblem in China, and it is ubiquitous in Chinese culture. We also know that the Chinese Dragon represents knowledge, strength, and prosperity, as well as bringing people good fortune. As a result, from ancient times, the presence of the Chinese Dragon has been required at Chinese festivities. The appearance of the Chinese Dragon during New Year's Eve has been introduced to all parts of the world where overseas Chinese assemble, thanks to the growth of Chinese culture across the world. It has evolved into a real emblem of Chinese culture.



The Chinese Dragon Dance is a classic Chinese dance genre. The dragon is a symbol of strength, knowledge, and riches. It is most commonly seen during festivals, much like the lion dance. The Chinese dragon dance is thought to ward off evil spirits and all the ill luck that comes with it, instead bringing good fortune and luck. This is why the dragon dance is so popular at Chinese New Year and other auspicious events like weddings and other celebrations.


A group of dancers hold the dragon on sticks during the Chinese dragon dance. The dragon's head, which may incorporate moving parts controlled by another dancer, is lifted, dived, pushed, and swept by the lead dancers. Pyrotechnic devices are occasionally used to make it spew smoke. In a sinuous and undulating style, the dancers recreate the imagined motions of the Chinese dragon. The dragon's body is composed of fabric and bamboo, and its length varies, with some reaching up to 100 meters. It is held by a large number of people. The majority of dragons are now danced by nine persons.


A group of musicians who play traditional drums, cymbals, and gongs typically accompany the Chinese Dragon Dance. The Chinese Dragon Dance is a staple of Chinese New Year celebrations held in Chinatowns across the world. In China, the phrase "dragon descendants" is widely used to identify ethnic groups.


The longer the Chinese dragon dances, the more luck it is said to bring to the town. By the way, learning how to draw a Chinese dragon is a simple and pleasurable activity.


The Dragon Boat Festival (or Longzhou Jie) in China was founded to commemorate poet and politician Qu Yuan (c. 340-278 BCE). State Minister Chu committed suicide by plunging into the Miluo River after being deported following a malicious attack on his reputation by a rival politician. Boats were sent out to look for his corpse, but they were unsuccessful, so his followers tossed rice balls (zongzi) into the water to pay tribute to him.


Every year, a dragon boat race is staged on the river to memorialize the tragedy. This technique spread to other rivers in China, and it quickly expanded to include soothing the rain-bringing dragon. As a result, dragon boats generally have a massive dragon's tail in the stern and a dragon's head on the bow. The dragon boat race, which is traditionally conducted on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month, has become a vivid feature of the Duanwu Festival.

The legacy endures. Although Chinese dragons are simply legendary animals, they are immensely important to the Chinese people, and their cultural effect is significant. Chinese dragons have long been major icons in Chinese culture, with a range of primarily positive connotations. You may obtain a deeper grasp of traditional Chinese culture by studying Chinese dragons.

We've just scratched the surface of the issue; there's a lot more to say, but that'll have to wait for another time. Discover our selection of Dragon Incense Holders if you wish to create a pleasant and peaceful ambiance in your house.

One thought on “Chinese Dragon Meaning

  1. Li Mei says:

    Hello ! Very documented description, the products are very attractive, too !

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